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Published In: Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève 3(1): 16, 26. 1825. (Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A genus of 6 species; 1 pantropical, 1 tropical Africa and Madagascar; 4 tropical Africa. Represented in Pakistan by one cultivated species.


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Annuals or perennials, scandent or trailing, monoecious or dioecious; tendrils 2-fid. Leaves simple, palmately 3-5-lobed, ovate, cordate, suborbicular, petiole with 2 glands at its apex. Flowers large, white. Male flowers long peduncled, solitary or racemose. Calyx tube campanulate or funnel-shaped, lobes 5, small, distant. Petals. 5, free, obovate or oblong-obovate, retuse. Stamens 3, anthers included, connate or free, oblong, thecae sigmoid-flexuose, contiguous or separate, connective dilated, not produced, papillose, papillae turgid, greenish-grey, oblong, pointed. Female flowers solitary. Calyx tube cup-shaped. Petals like the male. Staminodes 3, obsolete. Ovary ovoid or cylindric, triplacentiferous. Style thick, short, stigmas 3, bilobed, thick; ovules numerous, horizontal. Fruit large, epicarp hard, mesocarp fleshy; indehiscent, polymorphous, usually broader upwards. Seeds many, oblong, ovate-oblong, compressed, with a marginal groove (truncate), smooth.
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