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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 654. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A large genus of c. 150, mostly cosmopolitan species; only 5 species arc recorded from our area.


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Annual, biennial or perennial herbs, glabrous or hairy with simple hairs. Leaves pinnate, rarely simple or entire. Racemes usually many flowered, flexuose in fruit, ebracteate. Flowers small to large, white or violet-pinkish, rarely yellowish; pedicels filiform, lengthening in fruit, erect or upcurved. Sepals equal, inner subsaccate at base. Petals often about twice as long as the sepals, rarely abortive, obovate, clawed. Stamens 6, rarely 2 or more abortive; filaments not appendaged. Lateral nectar glands semi-annular or annular; middle absent rarely present. Ovary linear or narrowly oblong, few to many ovuled; stigma ± bibbed, short. Siliquae linear, compressed, bilocular, dehiscent; valves smooth, usually opening suddenly and coiling spirally upwards, thus flinging the seeds to some distance; septum membranous; seeds uniseriate, many, oblong or suborbicular, flattened, brown.

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1 Leaflets small usually 5-15 mm long, irregularly sub-dentate or shallowly lobulate (2)
+ Leaflets large, usually 30-80 mm long, serrate; flowers large, showy Cardamine macrophylla
2 (1) Leaf bases not auricled (3)
+ Leaf bases (petiole bases) auricled Cardamine impatiens
3 (2) Annual or biennial; flowers c. 5 mm across, white (4)
+ Perennial; flowers 10 mm across, handsome, lilac, pinkish or purplish Cardamine loxostemonoides
4 (3) Plants usually with several branches from below, ascending, without a slender tap root; basal leaves hardly or loosely rosulate Cardamine flexuosa
+ Plants usually with a simple stem and slender tap root, erect; basal leaves densely rosulate Cardamine hirsuta
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