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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 1028. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A genus of c. 350 species. Represented here by 3 native and 1 cultivated species.


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Mostly climbing, occasionally erect, shrubs and undershrubs; often prickly. Leaves alternate, usually entire, 3-5-nerved; nerves convergent, veins reticulate. Flowers small, dioecious, bracteolate or not. Perianth segments 6, in 2 series, free. Male flower: stamens 6, anthers didymous, pistillodes absent. Female flower: staminodes 3 or 6, stigmas sessile, recurved. Fruit 3-locular. Seeds ellipsoid.

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1 Climbing shrubs. Tendrils present. Female flowers not solitary (2)
+ Small erect shrub or undershrub; not a climber. Tendrils absent. Female flowers solitary Smilax vaginata
2 (1) Umbels solitary or in racemes. Staminodes 6 Perianth spreading. Leaves obtuse, acute or mucronate (3)
+ Umbels 2-3 on a common peduncle. Staminodes 3. Perianth recurved in mature flowers. Leaves cuspidate Smilax macrophylla
3 (2) Umbels in racemes. Flowers white. Staminal filaments c. 3 mm long. Stems prickly Smilax aspera
+ Umbels solitary. Flowers purple. Staminal filaments subsessile. Stems smooth Smilax glaucophylla
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