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Published In: Systema Naturae, ed. 12 2: 135, 189. 1767. (Syst. Nat. (ed. 12)) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A genus with c. 20 species, distributed in Africa, Asia and Australia. Two species in Pakistan-one wild, one cultivated.


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Densely branched, armed shrubs. Spines straight or axillary recurved with opposite, coriaceous leaves. Inflorescence a terminal axillary peduncled trichotomous cyme. Calyx 5-partite, usually eglandular within, lobes acute. Corolla contorted in bud tube cylindrical with glarous throat. Stamens included in the corolla tube free. Disc absent. Ovary with 1-4 ovules in each locule, style filiform with thick, fusiform stigma. Fruit a succulent indehiscent berry, somewhat ellipsoid or globose. Seeds 1-4, glabrous.

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1 Young branches and leaves glabrous; leaves 3.75 -7.5 cm long. Corolla tube 1.8 - 2.5 cm long. Berry 1.25 - 2.5 cm long, purplish black when ripe 1 Carissa carandas
+ Young branches and leaves pubescent; leaves 1-3.5 cm long. Corolla tube c. 1.25 cm long. Berry 7-7.5 mm long, dull dark purple when ripe 2 Carissa opaca
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