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Published In: Monadelphiae Classis Dissertationes Decem 2: [App]. 1786. (Diss.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A genus with c. 200 species distributed in the warm regions of both the hemispheres.
Comment/Acknowledgements: It is represented by 6 species in Pakistan.


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Annual or perennial herbs, undershrubs or shrubs, pubescent, glabrescent. Leaves petiolate, stipulate, with or without lobes. Flowers usually axillary, solitary, or in fascicles or occasionally in racemes or panicles by the reduction of leaves, pedicellate. Epicalyx segments 5-16, free or fused. Calyx 5-lobed or toothed. Corolla of various colour, commonly red, pink or yellow, rarely white or purple. Staminal column with many filaments. Carpels 5; styles 10; stigmas capitate. Fruit discoid to globose, schizocarp; mericarps 5, indehiscent, glabrous or pubescent, with or without wings, carinate, reticulately veined, echinate, horny or smooth. Seed 1 in each mericarps, glabrous or hairy, reniform.

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1 Epicalyx segments 5-6 ovate to lanceolate (2)
+ Epicalyx segments 8-14, linear (3)
2 (1) Mericarps echinate all over
+ Mericarps longitudinally carinate on the dorsal surface, margins with 2-3 stout, slightly curved, sharp prickles Pavonia procumbens
3 (1) Leaves lobed or angular (4)
+ Leaves neither lobed nor angular (5)
4 (3) Mericarps winged
+ Mericarps not winged Pavonia odorata
5 (3) Mericarps horny
+ Mericarps smooth Pavonia arabica
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