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Published In: Nova Genera et Species Plantarum (quarto ed.) 1: 94–95, pl. 30, 31. 1815. (29 Jan. 1816) (Nov. Gen. Sp. (quarto ed.)) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A genus of about 30 species throughout the tropics; 2 species occur in Pakis¬tan, one of them introduced.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Eriochloa is apparently related to Brachiaria, several of whose species have the lower glume prolonged downwards into a short stipe.


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Annuals or perennials. Leaf-blades flat, linear, tapering to a fine point; ligule represented by a line of hairs. Inflorescence composed of racemes arranged along a central axis, the racemes usually numerous and ascending or appressed to the axis; rhachis narrow, bearing the spikelets singly, in pairs or on short side branchlets, the lower glume adaxial. Spikelets usually lanceolate, dorsally compressed, acute to aristate, supported upon a bead-like swelling formed from the lowest rhachilla internode and adherent vestigial lower glume (rarely the latter developed); upper glume as long as the spikelet; lower floret male or barren, the lemma resembling the upper glume but a little shorter; upper lemma crustaceous, finely muricate, clasping only the edges of the palea, obtuse and mucronate. Caryopsis oblong-elliptic, dorsally compressed, obtuse.

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1 Tip of spikelet acute to acuminate; pedicel commonly glabrous Eriochloa procera
+ Tip of spikelet with an awn-point or awn 0.5-4 mm long; pedicel commonly setose Eriochloa fatmensis
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