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Published In: The Gardeners Dictionary...Abridged...fourth edition vol. 2. 1754. (Gard. Dict. Abr. (ed. 4)) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Synonym Text: Chrysanthemum sect. Leucanthemum (Miller) B. Fedtsch., Rast. Turk. 737. 1915; C. sect. Pyrethrum subsect. Leucanthemum (Miller) Kitam. in Acta Phyt. et Geobot. 4: 37. 1935 – pro parte.
General/Distribution: A genus of 33 species (K.Bremer, l.c.), distributed throughout Europe but concentrated in Central and Southern parts; 1 species in North Africa (Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia). Represented in our area by the following ornamental species.


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Perennial, rarely annual herbs, with reddish-tipped roots. Leaves alternate, entire, serrate, pinnatifid. Capitula radiate or discoid, pedunculate, solitary or 2-6 in lax corymbs, terminal. Involucre saucer-shaped, 3-4-seriate, phyllaries herbaceous, outer narrowly and inner broadly membranous-margined. Receptacle convex, distinctly alveolate, without paleae. Ray-florets, when present, mostly uniseriate, female, fertile, with white, pink or occasionally yellow ligules. Disc-florets and marginal florets, when-ray-florets absent, bisexual, with 5-lobed, basally spongy and swollen in fruit, yellow, corolla tube. Anthers on apically thickened filaments, unappendaged at the base, with lanceolate-ovoid apical appendages. Cypselas heteromorphic, ± terete, prominently 8-10-ribbed, ribs with mucilaginous cells, vellecular secretory canals present between the ribs. Pappus a corona or an adaxial auricle, occasionally rudimentary or absent.
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