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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/31/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 5/31/2013)
Genus Stictocardia Hall. f.
PlaceOfPublication Bot. Jahrb. (Syst.) 18: 159. 1894.
Note TYPE: Convolvulus tiliifolia Desr. = Stictocardia campanulata (L.) Merrill.
Description Vines to about 4 m in length, perennial; stems puberulent, glabrate, the older stems with exfoliating bark. Leaves petiolate, cordate, apically acuminate, entire, glabrate above and beneath but covered with small black glandular trichomes beneath. Flowers in 1-3-flowered axillary cymes; sepals subequal, orbicular with black glandular trichomes, becoming coriaceous and clasping in fruit; corolla funnelform, red or scarlet to purplish-red, the limb usually entire; stamens included, the filaments glandular-pubescent at the base, filiform above, the anthers oblong, pollen pantoporate, spheroidal, spinulose; ovary bilocular, the style longer than stamens, the stigma capitate, biglobose. Fruits indehiscent, thin-walled, surrounded by enlarged fleshy sepals, subspheroidal; seeds 4, ovoid, grayish brown, minutely pubescent.
Habit Vines
Distribution A small genus of about 12 species widely spread in the tropics although ap- parently native to the Old World.
Note The most widespread species, Stictocardia campanulata, is introduced as far north in the New World as southern Florida. This is the only species in Panama. The flowers of the genus are apparently adapted for bird pollination.
Reference Gunn, C. R. Notes on Stictocardia campanulata (L.) Merrill and S. jucunda (Thev.) C. R. Gunn (Convolvulaceae). Brittonia 24: 169-76. 1972.
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