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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 1000. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: About 80 species, N. temperate and N. tropical. Represented by 5 especies in Pakistan, of which two are cultivated.


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Evergreen trees with flaking bark and resinous wood. Shoots dimorphic. Short shoots bearing fascicles of 2, 3 or 5 acicular leaves. Male cones c. 15 mm long, in dense clusters at base of short shoots, erect. Female cones becoming woody in the second or third year and falling as a whole; scales cuneate, apex thickened, often prolonged, seeds winged.

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1 Leaves in fascicles of less than 5. (2)
+ Leaves in fascicles of 5. Pinus wallichiana
2 (1) Leaves in fascicles of 2. (3)
+ Leaves in fascicles of 3. (4)
3 (2) Female cones peduncled, slightly recurved. Leaves up to 10 cm long. Pinus halepensis
+ Female cones subsessile, erect. Leaves ± 12 cm long. 5. Pinus brutia
4 (2) Leaves 6 12 cm long, stiff: wing less than the seed length. Pinus gerardiana
+ Leaves 20 30 cm long, flexuous; wing 2 3 times the seed length. Pinus roxburghii
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