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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 117. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Type: A large genus of about 350 tropical or rarely sub-tropical species, represented by 2 species in Pakistan, one of which is cultivated.


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Climbing herb or small shrubs, sometimes succulent, roots often tuberous, stem mostly 4 angled rarely winged, glabrous-pubescent. Tendril leaf opposed, simple or forked, stipules in pair, caducous. Leaves alternate, simple entire, lobed or 3-5 foliate, ptiolate. Inflorescence of axillary or terminal corymbs, umbels or cymes, opposite the leaves. Flowers 4-merous, bisexual or functionally male. Clayx cupular, entire or shallowy 4-lobed. Petals 4, valvate, cucullate or slightly spreading, and falling separately after anthesis. Disc cupular, margin 4-lobed, surrounding the ovary and adherent to its base. Ovary bilocular, biovulate, style subulate, often persisting, stigma small discoid. Berry 1-2 seeded. Seeds obovoid, attenuate at the base, often trigonous.

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1 Stem quadrangular, constricted at nodes, glabrous or downy; tendril simple. Leaves entire or 3 lobed, petiole 0.5-1.2 cm long 2 Cissus quadrangularis
+ Stem not quadrangular, densely or shortly pubescent, tendril much branched. Leaves pinnately trifoliate, petiole 2-5 cm long 1 Cissus carnosa
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