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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 146. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: YASIN J. NASIR
General/Distribution: c. 200 worldwide species, but cheifly in E. Asia and N. America, being absent from the Artic area and New Zealand. Represented in Pakistan by 7 species, of which Lysimachia vulgaris is adventive in Kashmir.


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Annual or perennials, erect or prostrate herbs, rarely shrubby; branches sometimes rooting at the nodes. Leaves entire, opposite, rarely alternate. Flowers yellow, pink, white or red, axillary solitary or two, or in racemes, spikes, panicles or paniculate-corymbs. Calyx and corolla 5(-6-7)-partite, the latter more or less rotate, infundibuliform or campanulate. Stamens 5, attached at the base of the corolla or about the middle, often monadelphous to form a tube-like membrane, glandular or not and adnate to the corolla throat; anthers basifixed or versatile, dehiscing longitudinally or by pores. Ovary subglobose, style slender, stigma capitate. Capsule subglobose, dehiscing by 5 valves or irregularly. Seeds many, small.

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1 Flowers yellow (2)
+ Flowers white or pink-white to rose (5)
2 (1) Plants glabrous to minutely pubescent-glandulose. Calyx up to 5.5 mm long. Corolla not glandulose, equalling or exceeding the calyx. Ovary and capsule glabrous or only the tips glandulose (3)
+ Plants villous-pubescent. Calyx 7-8.5 mm long. Corolla glandular-punctate, c. ½ or equalling the calyx. Upper half of ovary appressed villous. Capsule pilose 2 Lysimachia japonica
3 (2) Plants more or less erect to ascending, glabrous to subglabrous (shoots sometimes minutely glandular). Upper leaves opposite or alternate; leaves usually up to 8 cm long, elliptic-ovate to lanceolate or linear. Corolla 4-7 mm long (4)
+ Plants erect, glandular-pubescent. Upper leaves verticellate; leaves up to 12 cm long, oblong-lanceolate or elliptic-ovate. Corolla 10 mm long 1 Lysimachia vulgaris
4 (3) Flowers in lax racemes. Pedicel 3-5 mm long, up to 10 mm in fruit. Anthers sparsely glandular, stipitate. Style 3-3.5 mm long 3 Lysimachia pyramidalis
+ Flowers axillary solitary or 2. Pedicel 0.5-1 mm long, up to 3 mm in fruit. Anthers glabrous. Style c. 1.8 mm long 4 Lysimachia chenopodioides
5 (1) Annual or biennials. Flowers in racemes (6)
+ Perennial. Flowers in short terminal few flowered corymbs 7 Lysimachia prolifera
6 (5) Glands confined to the margin of the leaves. Filaments longer than the corolla lobes. Pedicel longer than the bract
+ Glands dotted on the under surface of the leaf. Filaments shorter or ± equalling the corolla lobes. Pedicel as long as the bract or shorter 6 Lysimachia dubia
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