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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/22/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 3/22/2013)
Genus Anacardium L.
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 383, 1753
Reference Gen. P1. ed. 5, 180, 1754.
Synonym Rhinocarpus Bertero & Balbis ex H.B.K., Nov. Gen. Sp. PI. 7: 5, 1824.
Description Trees or shrubs, evergreen. Leaves short-petiolate; blades simple, entire, coriace- ous. Poarnicles large, terminal. Flowers small, a, bracteate, the pedicels accrescent in fruit; calyx 5-parted, the segments imbricate in bud; petals 5, recurved, imbricate in bud; stamens (7-) 10(-12), unequal, all or a few or only 1 fertile, the filaments basally connate and adnate to the torus; disc or nectariferous outgrowths lacking; ovary subglobose to turbinate or obovate, somewhat gibbous, 1-celled, 1-ovulate, the ovule lateral, ascending on a very short funicle, the style compressed-conic, excentric, as long or slightly longer than the ovary. Nut rather large, reniform, laterally compressed, virtually filled by the solitary reniform seed, borne at the apex of a fleshy hypocarp (the accrescent pedicel).
Habit Trees or shrubs
Distribution A genus of eight or nine species native to tropical America; only two species occur in Central America, including Panama.
Key a. Tree 20-37 m high; leaf-blades 14-31 cm long; panicles with brown pubescence; 4 stamens much longer than the rest; staminal filaments pubescent (except the extreme distal portion); hypocarp 2-3 mm broad when ripe ........................ 1. A. excelsum aa. Tree seldom reaching 10 m in height; leaf-blades 6-15.5 cm long; panicles with gray pubescence; 1 stamen much longer than the rest; staminal filaments en- tirely glabrous; hypocarp much broader than 3 mm when ripe ............ 2. A. occidentale
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