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Published In: The Gardeners Dictionary...Abridged...fourth edition vol. 3. 1754. (28 Jan 1754) (Gard. Dict. Abr. (ed. 4)) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: S. I. ALI
General/Distribution: About 60 species, temperate parts of Eurasia and N. America, mainly from the Himalayas, China to Japan.


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Perennial rhizomatous herbs, sympodial. Stem erect. Leaves lateral, pseudoterminal, alternate, opposite or whorled, sessile or shortly petiolate, ovate-elliptic, linear to linear-lanceolate. Inflorescence axillary, umbellate, corymb or raceme-like or flower solitary; bracts present or absent. Flowers usually pendulous, rarely erect, bisexual, hypogynous; pedicels articulated at apex. Perianth segments 6, valvate, connate proximally, forming a tube. Corona absent. Stamens 6, adnate to perianth tube, anthers basifixed to dorsifixed, versatile. Pistil tricarpellary, syncarpous, trilocular, axile placentation. Fruit a berry, globose.

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1 Leaves alternate, opposite or occasionally upper leaves in threes (2)
+ Leaves whorled, 3-6 at each node, lower frequently alternate (3)
2 (1) Leaves opposite, occasionally upper leaves in threes 2 Polygonatum geminiflorum
+ Leaves alternate 3 Polygonatum multiflorum
3 (1) Leaf tip acute or acuminate 4 Polygonatum verticillatum
+ Leaf tip cirrhose or curved 1 Polygonatum cirrhifolium
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