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Published In: Hortus Kewensis; or, a Catalogue of the Plants Cultivated in the Royal Botanic Garden at Kew. London (ed. 2.) 4: 119. 1812. (Dec 1812) (Hortus Kew. (ed. 2)) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: Nearly 60 species, chiefly in the Mediterranean region and Asia, some in S. Africa; only 5 species (incl. 2 cult.) recorded from our area.

 

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Annual or perennial, often shrubby herbs, erect, branched, often densely pubescent with branched or stellate hairs, rarely glandular or subglabrous. Leaves pinnatisect to entire, usually oblanceolate to ovate; lower stalked, upper stalked to sessile. Racemes lax, few to many flowered. Flowers usually large, white or pinkish; pedicels usually short, ± thickened in fruit, erect or ascending. Sepals erect, inner saccate at base. Petals usually about twice as long as the sepals, long-clawed, linear to oblong-obovate. Stamens 6, filaments without appendages; anthers often linear, acute. Lateral nectar glands various, often in pairs, each semi-lunar, often fusing together, with or without basal process; middle glands absent. Ovary oblong, many ovuled; stigma bilobed, subsessile or sessile, lobes erect, rarely with lateral appendages. Siliquae often long, compressed with sub-convex valves, often subtorulose, bilocular, dehiscent; valves with a distinct mid-vein, ± pubescent, rarely glandular; septum not veined; seeds many, suborbicular, often narrowly winged.
 

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1 Annual or biennial, usually glandular and pubescent (2)
+ Perennial, often with woody bases, not glandular but pubescent only (4)
2 (1) Plants usually tall and robust (20-60 cm long); siliquae (2-) 2.5-4 mm broad, flattened with erect stigmas (3)
+ Plants 10-15 cm tall; siliquae c. 1.5 mm broad, torulose with clavate stigmas Matthiola macranica
3 (2) Pedicels 15-25 mm long in fruit; leaves oblanceolate or oblong-elliptic, entire; siliquae often 10-15 cm long, (2.5-) 3-4 mm broad; (cultivated) Matthiola incana
+ Pedicels 5-6 mm long in fruit; leaves + ovate, petiolate, often broadly toothed; siliquae 5-8 cm long, 2-2.5 mm broad Matthiola chenopodiifolia
4 (1) Stigma lobes erect, without appendages Matthiola flavida
+ Stigma lobes with horn-like lateral appendages; (cultivated) Matthiola tristis
 
 
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