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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 1002. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/21/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project data     (Last Modified On 7/19/2018)
Notes: About 15 species, in N.W. America, Mexico, and E. Mediterranean to China.


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Monoecious trees or shrubs with scaly bark. Leaves opposite, imbricated when adult, scale-like. Staminate and ovulate cones on separate branches. Staminate cones oblong, with decussately arranged pairs of imbricated scales each with 2-4 sessile pollen sacs. Ovulate cones ovoid to globular, maturing in the second year; scales 6-14, free, woody, peltate, mucronate on back, the upper ones sterile; mature cones first tightly closed, then diverging; scales persistent, angular to orbicular, umbonate. Seeds 4-20 on each scale, in several rows, bony, frequently narrowly winged.


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