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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 176. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A genus of c. 80 species distributed mostly in tropics. Represented by one cultivated species in Pakistan.


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Shrubs or trees, sometimes woody climbers, branches angular or terete. Leaves 2 or 3 in a whorl, usually membranous. Stipules leafy, free or connate forming a sheath with the petiole. Flowers in axillary or terminal globose peduncled head, sessile, white; connate by the calyces. Calyx-tube short, fleshy, urceolate-hemispherical; limbs almost absent, slightly toothed, persistent. Corolla ± coriaceous, tube ± long or shod, throat hairy, (4-) 5 (7-)-lobed, lobes coriaceous, valvate in bud. Stamens as many as corolla lobes, inserted on the throat; filaments short; anthem linear or oblong. Ovary 2 or falsely 4-Jocular, ovules solitary, attached to the septum below the middle or near the base; style slender, 2-fid, branches long or short. Fruit a compound succulent berry, formed by the persistent fleshy calyces, enclosing cartilaginous or bony 1-seeded pyrenes. Seeds obovoid or reniform, testa membranous.
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