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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 1023. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/27/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project data     (Last Modified On 9/3/2015)
Area distribution:

About 70 species, mostly in the warmer regions of the Old World. 


Based of embryological comparisons, some relate this genus to a separate family, the Viscaceae Batsch., which includes 4 other parasitic genera of tropical and subtropical regions.

Literature: von Tubeuf K.F., Monographie der Mistel., Munchen (1923). Kuijt J., The Biology of Parasitic Flowering Plants, (1969).


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Perennial, green hemiparasites. Branches opposite or dichasial. Leaves opposite, fleshy, sometimes reduced. Inflorescences cymose, usually axillary. Flowers (in ours) unisexual (plants dioecious), crowded, usually (1-) 2-5 in axillary fascicles. Bracts and bracteoles minute. Staminate flowers: sepals 4; petals 0; stamens 4, anthers sessile, many-celled, many-pored, concrescent with perianth lobes. Pistillate flowers: sepals reduced to 4 scale-like teeth; petals minute; ovary inferior, stigma thick, sessile or nearly so. Fruit baccate, with fleshy, viscid mesocarp. Embryos 1-2, straight, with copious endosperm.


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