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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 3. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 7/5/2015)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project data     (Last Modified On 7/5/2015)


Area distribution:

The precise number of species is still unknown due to similarities of both morphological characters and genome. Many taxa, including the recently described species from Eastern Europe or Mediterranean region, seem to be only subspecies or varieties of a widely distributed species (for more see Kadereit & al., 2012). The plants grow in moist saline habitats of the temperate and subtropical regions, especially in the Northern Hemisphere. 


 Literature: Kadereit G., Piirainen M., Lambinon, J. & Vanderpoorten, A., Cryptic taxa should have names: Reflections in the glasswort genus Salicornia (Amaranthaceae), Taxon 61(6): 1127–1239 (2012).


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Fleshy, glabrous annual herbs. Stems jointed, branched. Leaves reduced to scales, opposite and connate in pairs, forming a short sheath. Clusters (cymes) mostly 3-flowered, 2 on each node, embedded in the cavity of the axis and more or less adnate to its wall, subtended by bracts and forming terminal, simple or branched spike-like inflorescences. Bracts persistent, opposite, connate, cup-like. Flowers hermaphrodite, coalescent (the lateral ones in each cyme usually sterile, rarely pistillate). Perianth fleshy, white or brownish, of 3 fused segments, 3-dentate at tip, containing water-accumulating cells with bar-thickening walls. Stamens 2, rarely 1. Stigmas 2, subulate. Fruit ovoid or oblong, with membranous pericarp, included in the spongy perianth. Seeds vertical, almost ovoid, covered with short, often curved or hooked hairs; perisperm scanty; embryo bent.


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