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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 983. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: About 70 species; distributed in Eurasia, Middle East, Tropical and South Africa, Madagascar, Indo-Pakistan subcontinent to East Asia, Philippines and Sunda Isles; West Indies and North and Central America.


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Profusely branched shrubs or dwarf trees. Leaves opposite, sessile or subsessile, entire, glabrous or hairy. Inflorescence pedunculate or sessile, of dense racemose clusters, often with a terminal female flower surrounded by several male flowers. Flowers greenish-yellow, unisexual (plants monoecious), sessile to shortly pedicellate. Sepals 4-6, unequal. Stamens 4, free, inserted on receptacle around vestigial ovary, anthers oblong with thick connective, dehiscing longitudinally. Ovary tricarpellary, syncarpous, 3-loculed, each locule 2-ovuled; styles 3, rarely basally connate, spreading, short, stigma 2-lobed. Capsule coriaceous, ovoid, 3-beaked with persistent styles, dehiscing into 3, 2-seeded and 2-horned valves. Seed caruncled, somewhat triangular or oblong, glossy-black; embryo with oblong cotyledons.

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1 Young branches hirsute, hairs spreading. Leaves glabrous except the hirsute midrib and petiole, not whitish-papillate but with conspicuous nerves. Horns of the capsule divergent Buxus wallichiana
+ Young branches hoary pubescent. Leaves finely hairy to glabrous, whitish-papillate below with Inconspicuous nerves. Horns of the capsule upright Buxus papillosa
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