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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 7/19/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 7/19/2013)
Genus Buxus L.
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 983. 1753
Note TYPE: B. sempervirens L.
Synonym Crantzia Swartz, Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ. 3: 38. 1788, non Scopoli, 1777, Gesneriaceae, nom. rejic. against Alloplectus Mart. TYPE: C. laevigata Swartz = Buxus laevigata (Swartz) Spreng. Tricera Schreb., Gen. PI. 630. 1791 (trim. 2). TYPE: T. laevigata (Swartz) Swartz = Buxus laevigata (Swartz) Spreng. Notobuxus Oliv., Hooker's Icon. PI. 14: 78, tab. 1400. 1882. TYPE: N. natalensis Oliv. Macropodandra Gilg., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 28: 114. 1899. TYPE: M. acuminata Gilg.
Description Monoecious shrubs or small trees. Leaves opposite, entire, coriaceous. In- florescences axillary, racemose, congested, bracteate, usually with a single terminal female flower and several to many lateral male flowers. Flowers apetalous; male flowers with 4 sepals, the stamens 4-6, opposite the sepals, the filaments exserted, the anthers dorsifixed near the base; female flowers with 4-6 sepals, the ovary 3-locular with 3 distinct styles and 2 ovules per locule. Fruit a capsule, 3-parted, apically 3-horned from the persistent styles; seeds oblong, black.
Habit shrubs or small trees
Distribution Buxus includes about 70 species, mostly in the West Indies (sect. Tricera, primarily in Cuba and Jamaica, 33 species) and Eurasia (sect. Buxus); 10 species occur in Africa, (sect. Buxella and Notobuxus). Four species occur in Mexico, adjacent Guatemala, and Belize.
Note Attempts to segregate the New World species as Tricera, characterized chiefly by the elongate style, are unjustified. African Notobuxus, separated by sessile anthers and lack of a rudimentary ovary in male flowers, also seems best referred to Buxus following Hutchinson (1967).
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