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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 1/29/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 1/29/2013)
Genus PACHIRA Aubl.
PlaceOfPublication Hist. P1. Gui. Fr. 725. 1775.
Synonym Sophia L., P1. Surinam. n.86. 1775. Carolinea L. f., Suppl. P1. Syst. Veg. 51. 1781. Bombax L. sect. Pachira (Aubl.) K. Schum. in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(6): 62. 1895. Bombax L. sect. Pachiropsis K. Schum. in Engl. & Prantl, loc. cit. 62. 1895.
Description Trees, evergreen, unarmed, the trunk sometimes buttressed. Leaves petiolate, the stipules lanceolate, the blade compound-digitate, the leaflets 5-9, articulate, ses- sile or petiolulate, entire or sometimes undulate, the margins sometimes more or less recurved. Flowers grouped toward the end of the branchlets, solitary or geminate, sometimes 3-nate, hermaphrodite, actinomorphous, up to 35 cm. long, pedicellate, 3-bracteolate, the bractlets fugacious; receptacle generally glandular; calyx broadly cupuliform, campanulate to subtubiform, truncate or undulate, coriaceous, per- sistent; petals 5, ribboned, adnate to the base of the staminal column, fleshy, with tufted hairs on both sides, fugacious; stamens 200-700, apparently 2-whorled, more or less long-monadelphous, the anthers 1-thecate, oblong-linear, straight or curved, submedifixus, extrorse, longitudinally dehiscent; pollen colp(or)ate, the sexine of the walls reticulate and provided with baculate or spinulate, suprategillate elements, that of the mesocolpia sometimes echinulate; ovary superior, sessile, 5-celled, the cells many-ovulate, the ovules inserted on a central columella; style filiform; stigma 5-lobulate. Capsules ligneous, large, loculicidally 5-valvate, tufted-pubescent out- side, pubescent and with simple hairs inside, the central columella w inged and per- sistent; seeds few, very large and angular; cotyledons epigeal, surrounded by the testa and appressed against the ground level, alternate, sessile, quite unequal, very fleshy and green, the epicotyl provided with triangular cataphylls, the primordial leaves compound-digitate.
Habit Trees
Distribution A neotropical genus of two species of which only one is reported from Panama.
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