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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 380. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: About 280 species, distributed in tropics and sub-tropics.


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Trees, shrubs and woody climbers. Leaves large, bipinnate. Flowers yellow or red, often showy. Racemes paniculate, in the upper leaf axils or terminal. Calyx teeth 5, imbricate in the bud, the lowest outside. Petals orbicular, clawed, imbri¬cate. Stamens 10, free. Ovary sessile, usually few ovuled. Pod various, sometimes covered with spines.

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1 Stamens very long, much exceeding the petals (2)
+ Stamens not very long; hardly exceeding the petals (3)
2 (1) Stamens less than 7.5 cm long, sepals glabrous, flowers red, red and yellow or yellow Caesalpinia pulcherrima
+ Stamens 7.0-1.3 cm long, sepals hairy on the margins, flowers yellow Caesalpinia gilliesii
3 (1) Pod not prickly (4)
+ Pod prickly Caesalpinia bonduc
4 (3) Large shrub or tree, without prickles (5)
+ Climbing shrubs with prickles on stem and rachis Caesalpinia decapetala
5 (4) Pinnae more than 4 pairs, leaflets more than 10 pairs per pinna, oblong. Inflorescence axillary and terminal dense panicle Caesalpinia coriaria
+ Pinnae 2-4 pairs, leaflets 4-5 pairs per pinna, elliptic to obovate. Inflorescence an elongated raceme Caesalpinia ferrea
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