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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 197. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A large subcosmopolitan genus of c. 176 species in the Himalayas in Pakistan and India, China, Japan, Malayasia, Europe and N. America. Represented in Pakistan by 5 species, of these E. japonicus is cultivated.


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Trees or shrubs, the latter sometimes scandent. Leaves oppsite; stipules caducous. Flowers bisexual, 4-5-merous. Calyx flat or recurved. Disc broad, fleshy, 4-5-lobed. Petals 4-5, rounded, spreading, often with coloured veins. Stamens 4-5, inserted on the disc. Ovary sunken in the disc; style short. Fruit a capsule, 3-5-lobed, angled or winged, rarely echinate, dehiscence loculicidal. Seeds 1-3 in each cell, enclosed in a fleshy aril.

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1 Climbing shrub. Capsule echinate Euonymus echinatus
+ Trees or erect shrubs. Capsule not echinate (2)
2 (1) Leaves evergreen, thick and glossy (3)
+ Leaves deciduous, thin and not glossy (4)
3 (2) Leaves usually obovate-spathulate or orbiculate, crenate; crenations with stiff hairs. Capsule globose and slightly lobed Euonymus japonicus
+ Leaves lanceolate to broadly lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, serrate. Capsule winged Euonymus pendulus
4 (2) Bark smooth, dark grey. Leaves biserrate Capsule winged Euonymus fimbriatus
+ Bark corky, pale grey. Leaves uniser-rate. Capsule deeply lobed Euonymus hamiltonianus
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