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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 644. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: April-June.
Type: Type: Described from Europe, Herb.Linn.no.824/11 (LINN)
Distribution: Distribution: Native of Egypt & W. Asia; introduced and naturalized elsewhere or cultivated throughout the world.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Two varieties (or subspecies) are commonly recognized on the basis of fruiting axes not spine-tipped (var. sativum), and fruiting axes spine-tipped (var. spinescens (DC.) Jafri, stat. nov. = Lepidium spinescens DC., Syst.Nat.2 :534.1821 ; Lepidium sativum subsp. spinescens (DC.) Thell.,l.c.161). However, intermediate forms are not uncommon. The difference can only be ascertained in advanced fruiting stages. Among specimens quoted above, those in an advanced fruiting stage, mostly show a spinescent apex of varying length (5-25 mm long).

‘Garden cress' is both cultivated and wild, or an escape from cultivation, in the present area. It is a common weed of cultivated areas in Baluchistan and N.W.F.P. Fresh leaves are edible as salad and seed contain 58% fatty oil, suitable for illumination.

Photo: Lepidium sativum L. (Photo)
Map Location: A-7 Chitral, waste ground, Toppin 114 (K); Mastuj-Baroghil track, Wasam, 3000 m., 20.7.58, fls. pink, Stainton 2052 (BM) ; B-6 Peshawar, H. Deane s.n. (K); B-9 Ladak, Leh, Schlagintweit s.n. (BM); C-7 Punjab: Rawalpindi, Aitchison 568 (K) ; Fatehjang, Aitchison s.n. (K) ; without locality, Thomson s.n. (K) ; j.L. Stewart s.n. (K) ; Royle s.n. (K) ; Griffith s.n. (K) ; Sind: without locality, N.A. Dalzell s.n. (K) ; D-4 Baluchistan: Quetta, G. Watt 3523 (E) ; Harnai, jafri s.n. (E) ; D-5 Loralai, near cult. fields, 27.6.57, jafri & Akbar 2317 (KUH); G-2 Turbat, fls. pink, S. Abedin & Abrar 6110 (KUH); palm garden, S. Abedin 5976 (KUH).

 

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Annual, 30-60 cm tall, erect, branched, glabrous, rarely pilose. Lower leaves pinnatisect or lyrate-pinnate, 4-10 cm long, 2.5-3.5 cm broad, stalked to subsessile; uppermost leaves linear, sessile. Racemes much branched, each 20-30-flowered, ebracteate. Flowers small, c. 3 mm across, white or pinkish; pedicel 2-3 (-5) mm long in fruit, not thickened, ± ascending or subappressed. Sepals c. 1.5 mm long, 1 mm broad, oblong, obtuse. Petals c. 3 mm long, 1 mm broad, narrowed below, apex rounded. Stamens 6, c. 1.8 : 2.2 mm long; anthers minute. Siliculae 4.5-6 mm long, 3.5-5 mm broad, broadly elliptic to suborbicular, glabrous, narrowly winged and distinctly notched at the apex with short style included with-in; septum c. 1 mm broad; seed c. 3 mm long, 1 mm broad, brown.
 
 
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