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Published In: Genera Plantarum ad Familias Suas Redacta 13. 1835. (Gen. Pl.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/26/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project data     (Last Modified On 9/26/2011)

About 40 genera and 1,100 species, mostly pantropical and only a few extratropical.


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Trees, shrubs or woody climbers, rarely herbs, mostly with milky juice. Leaves deciduous or persistent, mostly alternate, stipulate. Inflorescences cymose but modified, head-like with fleshy axis or globular, or discoid, or with flowers inserted on the inner surface of a hollow globular pyriform body (fig). Flowers unisexual, small, with a persistent simple perianth or without perianth. Tepals normally 4, rarely 2-6, coalescent. Stamens generally 4, rarely 1-2, generally equalling tepals in number and opposite them. Carpels 2, united into a 1-celled ovary; styles 1-2, filiform. Fruit an achene or drupe, free or adnate to perianth and often crowded together into an aggregate body with or without receptacle.



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