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Published In: Histoire des Plantes de Dauphiné. ..... 3(2): 615. 1789. (12 Sep-22 Oct 1789) (Hist. Pl. Dauphiné) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/24/2012)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project data     (Last Modified On 10/24/2012)
Nomenclature:

1. Stellaria media (L.) Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauph. 3: 615 (1789); Boiss., Fl. Orient. 1: 707 (1867). Alsine media L., Sp. Pl. 272 (1753). Type: in Europae cultis, Herb. Linn. no. 388.1 (LINN). [Plate 162]

Common name:

 Common Chickweed; כוכבית מצויה

Habitat:

Roadsides, shady and damp places. Coastal Galilee, Acco Plain, Carmel Coast, Sharon, Philistean Plain, Upper and Lower Galilee, Mt. Carmel, Esdraelon Plain, Samaria, Shefela, Judean Mts., Samarian Desert, Hula Plain, Upper and Lower Jordan Valleys, Golan, Gilead, Moav.    

Area distribution:

 Pluriregional.    

Notes:

A very polymorphic and highly variable winter annual. At least two subspecies (varities?) could be discerned in our flora: Subsp. media and subsp. eliezeri. Varieties or forms without petals occur in both taxa. The whole aggregate of S. media needs further investigations.    

The plants produce many seeds. In certain climatic conditions, they feature cleistogamy.    

Used as a wild salad plant; also used from ancient times in folk medicine for several purposes (Herba stellariae mediae).


 

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Annual, 10-50 cm. Sterns weak, decumbent to ascending, more or less branched, cymose at top, often with 1-2 lines of hairs, sometimes glabrous. Leaves 1-6 x 0.6-3 cm., long-petioled to sessile, ovate to oblong-elliptical, acute or short-acuminate, glabrous or ciliate. Pedicels as long as or longer than calyx, usually puberulent. Flowers many, in more or less dichasial cymes. Sepals 2-6.5 mm., ovate-lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, narrowly white-margined, pubescent to glabrous. Petals longer or as long as or shorter than sepals, white, 2-fid to 2-partite, sometimes O. Stamens usually 3-5, sometimes 5 or more. Styles 3, very short, to 1.5 mm. long. Capsule exceeding calyx or equalling it, ovoid-oblong. Seeds 0.7-1.4 mm. in diam., dark to pale brown, with acute or obtuse tubercles. Fl. January-April.

 

 
 
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