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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 222. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Synonym Text: Beta maritima L., Sp. P1. ed. 2: 322. 1762.
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: March-May.
Type: Type: Habitat in Angliae & Belgii Iitoribus maris (Herb. LINN 314. 3. microfiche !).
Habitat: A highly polymorphic taxon, in which great variability is often present in leaf shape, size and in the general facies of perianth. Several infra-taxa have been recognized (Aellen in Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 48:470-476. 1938). Generally, it is found near coastal areas (Europe and Mediterranean), but in our area it is usually found in cultivation as inland plant. About 15 (-20) % sugar is found in the roots.
Distribution: Distribution: Europe, N. Africa, Asia; widely cultivated (beet).
Map Location: D-4 Quetta, J.H.Lace 3443 (E); D-6 Taunsa, D. I. Khan - D. G. Khan Road, in sand, 7. 4. 1968, Y. Nasir 4655 (RAW); G-4 Karachi: Malir, 21. 1. 1961, Yasin Ahmed s.n. (KUH.)


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Annual to perennating stout herb, glabrous to hirsute, up to 100 cm long, decumbent to erect, branched and leafy, green to purplish-violaceous; roots slender to tuberous with sugar storage. Leaves usually up to 12 x 6 cm, petiolate; radical rosulate, ovate, cuneate to subcordate; cauline rhombic-oblong to linear-lanceolate. Floral clusters (1-) 2-4-flowered, arranged in long, slender, ± interrupted spikes, uaually with smaller subtending leaves (bracts); bracteoles very small or aborted. Perianth herbaceous, green, 2-5 mm long, as long as or exceeding the diameter of the fruit, united and indurated below, usually incurved and ± keeled.
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