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Hypericum perforatum L. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 785. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: June-September.
Type: Type: Europe, probably Sweden, Herb. Linn. 934/94 (LINN!).
Distribution: Distribution: Europe and N. Africa to W. China and N.W., India (Kumaun). Introduced into E. Asia, America. Australasia and S. Africa.
Comment/Acknowledgements: In wet or dryish, shaded or open grassy places often near streams. or sometimes a weed of cultivation, 1200-3000 m. H. perforatum is a very variable species which reproduces largely apomictically (pseudogamously); but it seems that only a small part of its range of variation is present in the Flora area. It is poisonous to livestock.
Illustration: Hypericum perforatum L. (Illustration)
Map Location: B-6 Chitral: Kesu, Bowes Lyon 714 (BM; U); Brir, Siddiqi and Rahman 26762 (RAW); Kafiristan, Vill. Brir, Qaiser and Ghafoor 1895 (KUH); Urghosh Dhok, Siddiqi and Rahman 26761 (RAW); Dir: 4 mls. from Dir to Drosh, Qaiser and Ghafoor 1770 (KUH); B-7 Dir; Lowari, Nasir 5108 (RAW); Swat: Kalam, Rahman 129(W), Rechinger 19471 (W), Sadar Uddin 5.ix.66 (KUH); Kalam, Utrore, Nasir. and Siddiqi 1106 (RAW); Khawazakiela to Shangla, Rechinger 30612 (W); Lamond 1691 (KUH) ; Mingora to Khawazakiela, Rechin¬ger 30538 (W); Sho Nala, Rahman 34 (BM); Swat Valley, Weatherhead 52(BM) ; Margazar road, Nasir and Siddiqi 354 (RAW) ; Jhamra, Nasir and Siddiqi 1106A (RAW); Kulalai, Farooqi 87 (KHU); 118 (KUH); Hazara: between Nathia and Durga galis, Jafri and Ali 3191 (K) ; Murree Hills, Gharial, R.R. Stewart 3905 (RAW) ; Murree Hills, Changla Gali, R.R. and I.D. Stewart 4078 (RAW) ; Mohindar Nath 306 (RAW) ; Murree Hills, Patriata, Siddiqi and Nasir 6056 (RAW) ; Murree, Ali 626 (KUH) ; T. Thomson 171 (K) ; Murree Hills, Potha, R.R Stewart 23512 (K); Murree, Kulduna road, near Rosenheim, Rodin 5376 (K); Murree Hills, Upper Topa, Sprague 98 (K); Kaghan Valley, Saiful Maluk Sar, Siddiqi 2861 (RAW); Kaghan Valley, above Shogran, Zaffar Ali and Grohmann 6020 (RAW), Kazmi 3.vii.52 (KUH); Kaghan Valley, between Balakot and Babusar Pass, Abel 26 (BM) ; Kagan, Bhonjan, Duthie 3-5.vii.99 (K); Mokshpuri, Siddiqi and Nasir 5978 (RAW); 1.5 mIs. from Garhi Habibullah to Balakot, Farooqi and Qaiser 3185 (KUH) ; between Naran and Saifulmaluk Kazmi 2293 (KUH) ; Nathia Gali, Qaiser and Ghafoor 2032 (KUH) ; 9 mls. from Nathiagali to Abbottabad, Farooqi and Qaiser 3453 (KUH) ; way to Nathia Gali, Qureshi 231 (KUH) ; Nathia Gali, Ali 7 (KUH) ; Mansehra, Duthie 7441 (BM) ; Hazara, Falconer 325/H (K) ; Mahandri, Schmid 199 (BM). B-8 Gilgit: Buni (Bunji?), Giles 392(K); Kashmir: Gurais, R.R. and I.D. Stewart 4304 (RAW); Astor Valley, above Rattu, R.R. and I. D. Stewart 18784 (RAW) ; Manasbal, Ludlow and Sherriff 8120 (BM) ; Mari, young 9.viii.80. (BM) ; Dorikonn Pass to Gures, Schlagintweit (BM) ; Bandipore, Clarke 29156 (BM) ; Tangmarg, Polunin 56/361 (BM) ; Sind Valley, Pinfold 142 (BM) ; Balti, Schlich 50 (BM); Dachehigam, Mukerji 41 (K : road to Gulmarg, Fuller 83 (K) ; Sriniggur, Clarke 29088 (K) ; Kishengunga tributary, J.L. Stewart (K) ; C-6 Kurram : Kurram Valley, Khawn's Khilli, Harsukh in Duthie 15288 (RAW) ; Kurram Valley, Shaliman and Shend Toi, Aitchison 627 (BM,K) ; Kurram Valley. Shend Toi, Aitchison 613 (K) ; Parachinar, Barbour vii..22 ; C-8 Kashmir: Lidar Valley, Ludlow 81 (BM) ; Lidarwat. Anon. xi.13 (BM) ; Kunstwan, Clarke 29412 (K); Wardwan, J.L. Stewart pre 1872 (K).

 

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Perennial herb. Stems 10-110 cm long, erect, or sometimes rooting at the base, 2-lined, smooth, with branches ascending. Leaves sessile or subsessile, 5-35 mm long, 2-14 mm broad, narrowly ovate to elliptic-oblong or linear or sometimes oblanceolate, apex obtuse or mucronate to rounded, base cuneate to rounded, entire with intramarginal and often a few laminar black glands. Inflorescence a (1-)5-many-flowered, subcorymbose or broadly pyramidal cyme with ultimately monochasial branches; flowers 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter. Sepals 3-6 mm long, lanceolate to oblong or elliptic, acute to acuminate or shortly aristate, free, entire.. Petals + narrowly oblanceolate, 8-15 mm long, with marginal black dots and sometimes (not in Pakistan) laminar black lines. Stamens in `3' fascicles (2+2+1). Ovary 3-locular, 2-3.5 mm long; styles c. 2 x longer than the ovary, free, divergent, incurved near apex. Capsule (4-)5-9 mm long, ovoid to pyramidal, each valve with dorsal vittae and lateral vescicles, Seeds 1.0-1.2 mm long, shortly apiculate, not carinate; testa reti¬culate-pitted.
 
 
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