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Published In: Plants of the Coast of Coromandel 2: 54. 1805. (Pl. Coromandel) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Type: Type: Myrobalanus bellirica Gaertn. Fruct. et. Sem. Plant. 2:90.t. 97,f.a-d.1791.
Distribution: Distribution: Ceylon, Burma, Indo-china, Siam, Malayan peninsula, India and Pakistan.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Grows wild in sub-himalayan tracts from Rawalpindi to eastwards. The wood is not very durable and the fruit is used in dyeing and tanning.
Map Location: C-7 Mirpur Dist.: Mirpur, Kashmir, 10.10.1953 A.Rashid s.n. (RAW); Rawalpindi Dist.: A large deciduous, cultivated tree, M.A. Siddigi 4(RAW); C-8 Sialkot Dist.: Sialkot, M.Hamid Ali 59 (KUH); D-8 Lahore Dist.: Lawrence Garden 11.8.1968. Saida Qureshi, s.n. (KUH).


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A large deciduous tree, 12-50 m tall with ashy bark, often with a bluish ting. Leaves alternate or fascicled at the end of branches, elliptic or elliptic obovate, alternate at both ends, puberoulous when young, glabrous on maturity, coriaceous, dotted, entire, acute or acuminate or rounded 8-20 x 7.5-15 cm, petiole 2.15 cm long, eglandular. Spikes axillary, loosely arranged, 5-15 cm long with pubescent floral axis. Flowers greenish yellow, 5-6 mm across, sessile, upper flowers of the spike male, lower flowers bisexual; bracteoles minute caducous. Hypanthium 2-2.5 mm long, densly tomentose outside, densly villous with long brown hairs inside, expanded upward in 5 recurved, triangular calyx lobes, lobes c 1.5 mm long. Stamens 3-4 mm long, anthers c. 1 mm long inserted on the hypanthium, epigynous. Disc intrastaminal, densly hairy. Style glabrous, fulvous, c. 4 mm long, ovary c. 2 mm long. Fruit obovoid 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter, covered with minute pale pubescence, stone very thick, indistinctly 5 angled.
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