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Published In: Catalogus Seminum et Sporarum in Horto Botanico Universitatis Imperialis Tokyoensis per annos 1915 et 1916 lectorums Imperialis Tokyoensis 30, no. 854. 1916. (Cat. Sem. Spor. Tokyo [1915 & 1916 Lect.]) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: Jan.-May.
Type: Type: South Africa, Cape Province, Thunberg (UPS, holotype).
Distribution: Distribution: Native of the Kalahari region. Cultivated throughout Tropics. Found also as an escape.
Map Location: C-7 Campbellpur Dist.: MA. Siddiqi 1584 (RAW); Rawalpindi Dist.: R.R. Stewart 16535 (RAW); D-4 Sibi Dist.: Near Dam, 18 miles from Ziarat, S.A. Faruqi & M. Qaiser 2363 (KUH); F-5 Two miles from Nawab Shah on way to Sanghar, Sultanul Abedin 3979 (KUH); G-4 Karachi Dist.: A-1 Staff Town, University Campus, Karachi, 21.7.1979, S.I. Ali s.n. (KUH); Near Karachi, Police Choki, Hab river, Sultanul Abedin 5494 (KUH); Memon Goth, 21.4.1979, S. Shaharyar Naqvi, s.n. (KUH); G-5 4 miles from Hyderabad on way to Tando Md. Khan, Sultanul Abedin 3817 (KUH).


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Annual, climber or trailer. Stem herbaceous, rather (softly long hairs) villous. Monoecious. Tendrils robust, pubescent, 2-3-fid. Petiole long-villous. Leaves ovate or elongated ovate in outline, lamina hirsute beneath, long-hispid on veins and veinlets; upper surface smooth with transluscent dots or scabrous, margin minutely denticulate, apparently smooth, deeply 3-5-lobed, lobes elon¬gated-ovate, obtuse, more or less pinnately sinuate lobulate (young leaves and shoots densely villous); probract obovate-spathulate, 8-10 mm long. Male flowers on c. 20(-40) mm long pedicel; calyx broadly campanulate, c. 7 mm long, lobes c. 5(3-5) mm long, lanceolate; petals yellow, 12(7-16) mm long, obovate-oblong, c. 4 mm broad. Female flowers on c. 6 cm long pedicels, calyx and corolla as in the male, ovary ellipsoid or subglobose, hairy. Fruit large, ellipsoid or subspherical, c. 30 cm or more in diameter, hairy, green mottled with paler green and yellowish more or less longitudinal stripes; mesocarp fleshy, red or yellow, rarely white; indehiscent. Seeds ovate in outline, c. 10 mm long, c. 5 mm broad, black or rarely red or of different shades, smooth or slightly verrucose.
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