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!Kobresia capillifolia (Decne.) C.B. Clarke Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font

Published In: Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany 20: 378. 1883. (J. Linn. Soc., Bot.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Synonym Text: Elyna capillifolia Decne., in Jacquem., Voy. Ind., 4 Bot.: 173. 1844.
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: July - August.
Type: Type: India, Himachal Pradesh, "Ad nives, supra 4000 m., a Kanum ad Soungnum (Jugum Rounang)." V. Jacquemont 1598 (K!).
Habitat: Alpine meadows 3000-4000 m.
Distribution: Distribution: Afghanistan, Pakistan, to Nepal. - Distribution unsatisfactorily known, because of closely raletad taxa in Caucasus, north Central Asian mountains, Myanmar and China.
Comment/Acknowledgements: K. capillifolia is related to K. myosuroides (Vill.) Fiori. In K. myosuroides the branches of inflorescences contain one female and one male flower and this situation was found in various parts of its area (Kukkonen l.c., 1990). In K. capillifolia branches contain one female flower, but number of male flowers varies from 1 to 5. Furthermore, extremely closely related species K. capilliformis Ivan. occurs in Tadjikistan and northwards, and another, K. macrolepis Meinsh. in Caucasus (Grosshein, Fl. Kavkaza 2: Map 32, 1940) as K. capillifolia. Whether these really are specifically distinct needs further study. Stainton 2844 is mentioned in Stewart (1972) as K. tibetica Maxim., which morphologically connects robust K. schoenoides with slender K. capillifolia. These are, however, both variable and no specimens considered to represent true K. tibetica (described from China, Lake Kuku-nor) have been seen from the flora area. The Central Asian records of K. myosuroides (Vill.) Fiori [= K bellardii (All.) Degl.] should be assigned here (Stewart 1972, as K. bellardii). Another addition to K. capillifolia complex is K. kashgarica Dickoré [Stapfia 39: 79 (1995), type: China, Xinjiang, Kunlun Shan, Tiznap, valley W Kudi, 4040 m, G. & S. Miehe 8471 (K, holotype, GOET, PE, isotypes)].
Map Location: A-7 Chitral: Between Turicho and Mastuj Rivers, Khot An, N Mastuj, 13000 ft, Stainton 2844 (K, RAW); Minapin Glacier, 3510 m, Lloyd & Megan 61 (BM); A-8 Gilgit dist.: Gharesa Glacier, 12 miles E Nagar, 3890 m, Polunin 6254 (B; BM, E); Khunjerab Pass, 4650 m, Miehe 2344 (H); Between Gulmit and Atabad/upper Hunza, 4000-4050 m, Miehe 2963 (H); Gilgit dist.: Gharesa Glacier, 12 miles E. Nagar, 3890 m, Polunin 6254 (B, BM, E); Hunza, Baltoro, 3650 m, Paffen 141 (M); B-6 Dir dist.: Lowari Pass, Beg & Zeller 166 (PPFI); B-7 Babusar Pass, Beg 5144 (RAW); 4320 m, Miehe 542 (H); Swat dist.: Ushu above Batain, 9-10000 ft, Rahman & Stewart 25369 (K, RAW); Kohistan, Sho Nala 11000 ft, Rahman Beg 205 (K); Hazara dist.: Upper Kaghan Valley around Saiphul Muluk and Battakundi, 3200-3500 m, Miehe 38 (H); 3860 m, Miehe 181 (H); 3650 m, Miehe 247 (H); 3940 m, Miehe 330 (H); Kaghan Valley, Makra, 3730 m, Schickhoff 1359 sterile (H); above Saiful Muluk Lake, 3850 m, Schickhoff 695 (H); Saiful Muluk Lake, 3860 m, Schickhoff 746 (H); 3470 m, Schickhoff 647 (H); 3760 m, sterile, Schickhoff 758 (H); Kaghan valley, above Danna, NNE, Rhod.-anthrop. scrub, 3480 m, Schickhoff 1391 (H); B-8 Poonch, Aliabad, Clarke 28918B (K); Above Gulmarg, Duthie 11341 (K). B-8 Shinghai Gah to Pahot Gali, 3920 m, Miehe 871 (H); 3950 m, Miehe 1050 (H); 4000 m, Miehe 1077 (H); 4040 m, Miehe 1100 (H); 1133 (H); 1147 (H); 4150 m, Miehe 1027 (H); 4180 m, Miehe 994 (H); 4230 m, Miehe 1551 (H); 1569 (H); 1577 (H); 4240 m, Miehe 1569 (H); 4300 m, Miehe 1227 (H); B-8 Astor, Rama valley, 3660 m, Lenkester & Pearson 1503 (BM); B-8/9 Above Hushe, 4150 m, Miehe 1939 (H); 1959 (H); 4330 m, Miehe 2016 (H); C-6 Waziristan: “Pir Ghab, 8-11500 ft”, Harsukh in Duthie 15614 (K). Kurram dist.: Shendtoi, 11000 ft, Aitchison 410 (K).


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Perennial, 11-47 cm, forming tight tufts. Rhizome short. Stem 0.5-1.3 mm diam., terete, deeply grooved, smooth, occasionally scabrous. Leaves from c. 2/3 to equalling stem, rigid or often flexuous above, mostly less wide than stem; sheaths 20-75 mm (old sheaths often of equal length), from dark brown to almost black, glossy, sometimes disintegrating into fibres, mouth margin deeply oblique; ligule c. 0.2 mm, slightly arched; blades 1-1.5 mm wide, channelled or inrolled, not keeled, margins scabrous, apex long-attenuate, trigonous, scabrous. Inflorescence 10-46 x 2-4 mm, cylindrical or clavate, composed by from 9 to more than 20 glumes, partial inflorescences, each with one basal pistillate flower (lower occasionally with 2-3 pistillate flowers) and 0-5 staminate flowers on rachilla above; glume-like bracts 3.5-6 mm, longer than partial inflorescence, wide-clasping, from dark to yellowish brown, margins and apex rounded, often widely scarious; utricle 2.7-4.3 mm, glume-like, sheathing, 2-keeled, cymbiform, margins of basal part fused for 0.3-1.1 mm, light brown, apex rounded, narrowly scarious; style 1.5-2 mm, stigmas 3; staminate glumes 2.6-4.6 mm, rather narrow, folded, apex rounded; stamens 2-3. Nut 2.7-3.5 x 1-1.5 mm, obovoid, obtusely trigonous, plano-convex, yellowish or grey-brown, glossy, finely reticulate.
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