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Published In: Species Plantarum 9. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: May-June.
Type: Type: “Habitat in Persia”.
Distribution: Distribution: Cultivated, possibly originated along the Great Silk Route when Syringa laciniata met with endemic Syringa afghanica. Now in gardens all over the world.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Studies on garden specimens of Syringa persica (K. Sax, Journ. Arn. Arb. 9: 7. 1930) revealed that this species has to be treated as a hybrid, due to its sterility. Thus Syringa laciniata which was long regarded as a variety of Syringa persica should be in the rank of a species. It is obvious then that Syringa persica is a hybrid between Syringa laciniata and another species, most probably Syringa afghanica.

In Pakistan, however, it seems that Syringa laciniata is more widely cultivated than F. x persica, although herbarium specimens do not always show a clear distinction.

Map Location: B-8 Gupkar near Srinagar, G.A. Gammie, s.n., 10th July, 1891 (K) (Specimen with undivided leaves).


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Shrub 1-2 m tall, with spreading, lenticellate branches. Leaves mostly entire, sometimes more or less divided but not pinnate, 2-4 cm long, 0.8-2 cm broad, ovate-lanceolate to oval, petiolate. Inflorescence lax, usually confined to the uppermost portion of a branchlet as the panicles arise from sub-terminal (terminal) and higher lateral buds only. Flowers as in Syringa laciniata. Pollen sterile.
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