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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 736. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 11/2/2016)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 4/18/2017)
GROWTH: Lifespan: Annual, Perennial
Life form: Herbaceous
Plant-human relationship: Cultivated
ECONOMIC USE: Domestic animal edible: Fodder, Forage, Silage
Human edible: Leaves, Seeds, Stems
Details: Economic use: Seeds, young shoots and leaves eaten (Facciola 1998). Cultivated for hay and silage (Ambasta 1986).
TOXICITY: Toxicity: Animal, Human
Toxic parts: Seeds
Details: Toxicity: Seed given to poultry as a major component of feed is toxic (Harper & Arscott, 1962), though other reports indicate that moderate amounts in the diet, whether raw or processed, do not affect growth (Darre et al., 1998). This species is suspected of being associated with dermatopathy in grazing animals, although reports do not seem to clearly identify the species responsible. Bhattacharjee & Bhattacharjee (2013) describe the seeds as "poisonous"; other secondary sources claim that young pods and seeds are at least marginally edible.
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