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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 778–779. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 11/2/2016)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 7/17/2018)
GROWTH: Lifespan: Perennial
Life form: Herbaceous
Sexual reproduction: Outcrossing
Plant-human relationship: Cultivated
ECONOMIC USE: Domestic animal edible: Fodder, Silage
Human edible: Flowers, Leaves, Seeds, Stems
Details: Economic use: Seeds ground into flour or sprouted and eaten. Leaves and flowers edible (Facciola 1998). Used for fodder by Shushwap and Ramah Navajo. Used as flavoring by Okanagan-Colville (Moerman 1998).
Toxic parts: Leaves, Seeds, Silage
Details: Toxicity: Though alfalfa is widely used as a forage crop, it can cause bloat and acute respiratory distress in grazing animals, particularly those suddenly moved from poorer forage onto alfalfa, and the hay may cause photosensitivity; minor estrogenic effects are rarely reported (Burrows & Tyrl 2001; Wagstaff 2008).
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