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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 697. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Type: Type: Herb line. n. 875.39 (LINN!).
Distribution: Distribution: Common in hotter parts of the Old World from Southern Europe to S. Africa, Madagascar, Asia and Australia, naturalized in America. It is common in Northern region of Pakistan.
Map Location: A-7 Chitral Dist.: Chitral, 10 cm tall hispid herb, flowers pale yellow with a purple centre, 2.5 cm across: S. Abedin 7984 (KUH); Reshnum, 15-25 cm tall herb growing in irrigated potato field, flowers pale yellow with a purple centre, Sultanul Abedin 8114, 8115 (KUH); B-7 Swat Dist.: 61 miles from Khwaja Khail on way to Shangla, 25 cm tall herb, with bladdery fruits, S. Abedin 8294 (KUH); Kalam 20.8.1952, Shaukat Ali (LUH); Hazara Dist.: Shogran, near Forest Rest House, weed in potato field, 50 cm tall, firs. pale yellow with purple centre, S. Abedin & M. Qaiser 8802-8805 (KUH); Balakot, 3500', 23.8.1950 M. Zahoor (LUH) Kagan, Aug. 1950., M. Zahoor (LUH); B-8 Kashmir: Lambrian on Lippa valley Road c. 25 cm tall herb, firs. whitish with dark brown centre, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 5136 (KUH); without locality and date, Jafri s.n. (KUH); C-7 Jhelum Dist.: Khewra, firs yellow with a dark centre, 22-3-1957, I. Ahmad (LUH); D-4 Quetta Dist.: 10 miles from Quetta on way to Chaman, c. 30 cm tall herb, firs. violet, M. Qaiser 214 (KUH); Quetta, W. Bhat 7037 (LUH); Sibi Dist.: Mana, near Zandra, Ziarat, near wheat field, Jafri & Akbar 2208 (KUH); Ziarat, W. Bhat 7037b (PTIH); Near Dam; 18 miles from Ziarat, 20 cm tall erect herb, with fruits, M. Qaiser & S.A. Faruqi 2368 (KUH); G-4 Karachi Dist.: Malir, Karachi, 10.7.1962 S.M.A. Kazmi (PCSIR Pesh.).


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Annual, usually erect or somewhat spreading or straggling, hispid, 25-60 cm tall herb. Leaves 2-7 cm long 3-5-partite, central lobe longest, each lobe toothed to pinnately partite, lower leaves sometimes not lobed, nearly glabrous or sparsely stiff hairy, more so beneath; stipules 2-7 mm long, c. 1 mm broad, linear, stiff hairy, more so beneath; petiole 1.5-c. 4 cm long, minutely stellate pubescent and sparsely mixed with spreading stellate hairs. Flowers axillary, solitary; pedicel 2-4.5 cm long, stiff hairy, more so above, articulate near the top. Epicalyx segments 7-12, 5-15 cm long, linear, margin with long simple, spreading, very stiff hairs, tubercled at base. Calyx twice the length of epicalyx, fused above the middle, with green-purplish raised veins, stellate pubescent, spreading and stiff hairy on nerves, very much inflated and enclosing the fruit; lobes deltoid, acuminate, c. 1 cm broad, minutely stellate and long, simple appressed hairy within towards the margin. Corolla white-pale yellow with a purple mouth, 1.5-3 cm across; petals 1-2 cm long, 0.7-1.5 cm broad, glabrous. Staminal column 3-4 mm long, purplish; filaments c. 2 mm long, purplish; anthers yellow. Capsule 1-1.5 cm long, 0.6-1.2 cm broad, oblong, obtuse, black, very hispid. Seeds many, c. 2 mm long and broad, black tuberculate.
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