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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/25/2012)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 10/25/2012)
PlaceOfPublication Aroid. 2. pl. 4. 1853.
Synonym Spathiphyllum Fendleri Schott, Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 7:9. 1857. Spathiphyllum lanceolaturn C. Koch, Allgem. Gartenz. 25:174. 1857.
Description Plants often large and robust, as much as a meter high; petioles 20-50 cm. long, stout, geniculate 2-2.5 cm. be- low the apex, usually vaginate to the middle or higher; blades oblong-lanceo- late or elliptic-oblong, 20-50 cm. long and 10-16 cm. wide or even larger, short - acuminate or caudate- acuminate, narrowed to the usually very acute base, the primary lateral nerves numerous, as- cending at a rather wide angle; peduncles sometimes a meter tall but usually short- er, stout; spathes white or greenish, ellip- tic or obovate-lanceolate, usually about 20 cm. long and 6-7 cm. wide but often smaller or larger, long-acuminate, long- decurrent upon the peduncle; stipitiform portion of the peduncle commonly ad- nate for 4-5.5 cm. and free for 0.5-1.5 cm.; spadix cylindric, very obtuse, usual- ly 5-7 cm. long and 2 cm. thick; pistils ovoid-conic, twice as long as the perianth or longer, about 6 mm. long, the cells 6- to 8-ovulate.
Distribution Wet or damp, usually dense forest, Guatemala to Colombia.
Specimen CANAL ZONE: very common, and represented by numerous collections from the Atlantic slope. COCLE: north rim of El Valle, Allen d Alston i850. COLON: Palenque, near sea level, Pittier 4122. BOCAS DEL TORO: Isla Colon, Wedel 2979; Rio Cricamola, between Finca St. Louis and Konkintoe, Woodson, Allen & Seibert 1912; Water Valley, Wedel 1360. CHIRIQUI: Rio Ladrillo, above El Boquete, 1200 m., Maxon 5390; El Boquete, 1250 m., KilliP 3639; Chiquero, 1650 m., Davidson 565. DARIEN: Cana-Cuasi trail, Chepigana District, 1200 m., M. E. & R. A. Terry 1525.
Note The plant is well known in most parts of Central America because of the fact that the young inflorescences are edible. They usually are prepared for the table by frying with eggs, but are treated also in other ways. They seem to be most popular in Salvador and along the Pacific slope of Guatemala. Illustrated, Pflan- zenreich IV. 23B: fig. 49, A-E. The type of S. Fendleri is Fendler 426 from Chagres.
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