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Published In: Stirpium Austriarum Fasciculus 2: 467, pl. 57. 1769. (Stirp. Austr. Fasc.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: J. RENZ
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: End of June to August.
Type: Type: Described from Europe. Lectotype, Vermenlen in Acta, Bot. Neerl. 4:239 1955: Haller, Hist. Stirp. Helv. 2: t. 40 (1768).
Distribution: Distribution: Northern hemisphere, Mediterranean region, S. W. Asia, Himalaya to Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan up to 300 m. Widespread in the coniferous forests of Pakistan.
Comment/Acknowledgements: A plant from Hazara, (Inayat no.23165, E) differs from typical Epipactis helleborine in having a few nearly orbicular leaves on a stout stem and a very dense inflorescence
Illustration: Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz (Illustration)
Map Location: B-7 Chitral: between Chitral & Mastuj, 2900 m, Stainton 2955!(E); Swat: above Utror, 2600 m, Stewart & Rehman 25234(RAW); W.Utror, in the Darya Kandol-Valley, Picea forest, 2700 m, Renz 10792! (Herb. Renz); Yakh Tangi, 2000 m, Grohmann 6299 (RAW); near Kalam, mixed coniferous forest, Renz 10791! (Herb. Renz); Supra Mingora, 6.6.1965, Rechinger 30868 (G); Hazara: Khanspur, 7000 ft., Y. & I. Nasir 8606 (RAW); id., Y. Nasir 6845 (RAW); Mokshpuri, ca.2600 m, Siddiqi & Nasir 5994 (RAW); Y. Nasir & Nazir 8508 (RAW); Dunga Gali, Renz 13263! (Herb.Renz); Kund, 7000 ft., Y & I. Nasir & Chris Wright 7717 (RAW); Thandiani, E. Nasir, s.n. (RAW): Miranjani near Nathia Gali, 2400-2700 m, Renz 10802! (Herb.Renz); Nathi Gali towards Lalazar, 2500-2600 m, Renz 10798! (Herb. Renz); Baragali, S. Qureshi 236 (KUH); B-8 Gilgit, Astore-Muskin Forest, J.F. Duthie 12264! (E); B-9 Baltistan: between Kasurmik and Doghani, by irrigation ditch, ca.700 m, R. R. Stewart 20825 (RAW); Shigar, 2400 m, R. R. Stewart 20569 (RAW); below Kasurmik, 2600 m, R. R. & I. D. Stewart 20825! (RAW); C-6 N.W.F.P.: Dera Ismail Khan, 15. viii. 1885, Rev. J. Williams 1931! (DD). D-5 Zhob, D. I.Khan 15.8.1885, J. W. Williams 1931 (E).


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Plants slender or robust, up to 70(-100) cm tall. Rhizome short. Stem leafy throughout. Leaves spreading, ovate to ovate-lanceolate. Inflorescence normally densely many-flowered, up to 25-(35) cm long. Bracts lanceolate, lower exceeding flowers, the upper decreasing in size. Flowers from dark olive-green to yellowish-green, tinged ± intensively with red-purple. Sepals campanulate, ovate-lanceolate, up to 12 mm long; petals slightly shorter, ovate, paler green or pinkish. Labellum with cup-shaped hypochile, outside green, inside dark shining olive-brown, with nectar, 4-6 mm long and broad; epichile cordate, up to 5 mm long, the margin slightly crenulate-undulate, with 2 ± rugose bosses at base. Column short, 4-5 mm (including the anther). Ovary pedicelled, glabrous or with some hairs; ripe seed-capsule spreading.
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