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!Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Stirpium Austriarum Fasciculus 2: 467, pl. 57. 1769. (Stirp. Austr. Fasc.) Name publication detail
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: J. RENZ
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: End of June to August.
Type: Type: Described from Europe. Lectotype, Vermenlen in Acta, Bot. Neerl. 4:239 1955: Haller, Hist. Stirp. Helv. 2: t. 40 (1768).
Distribution: Distribution: Northern hemisphere, Mediterranean region, S. W. Asia, Himalaya to Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan up to 300 m. Widespread in the coniferous forests of Pakistan.
Comment/Acknowledgements: A plant from Hazara, (Inayat no.23165, E) differs from typical Epipactis helleborine in having a few nearly orbicular leaves on a stout stem and a very dense inflorescence
Illustration: Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz (Illustration)
Map Location: B-7 Chitral: between Chitral & Mastuj, 2900 m, Stainton 2955!(E); Swat: above Utror, 2600 m, Stewart & Rehman 25234(RAW); W.Utror, in the Darya Kandol-Valley, Picea forest, 2700 m, Renz 10792! (Herb. Renz); Yakh Tangi, 2000 m, Grohmann 6299 (RAW); near Kalam, mixed coniferous forest, Renz 10791! (Herb. Renz); Supra Mingora, 6.6.1965, Rechinger 30868 (G); Hazara: Khanspur, 7000 ft., Y. & I. Nasir 8606 (RAW); id., Y. Nasir 6845 (RAW); Mokshpuri, ca.2600 m, Siddiqi & Nasir 5994 (RAW); Y. Nasir & Nazir 8508 (RAW); Dunga Gali, Renz 13263! (Herb.Renz); Kund, 7000 ft., Y & I. Nasir & Chris Wright 7717 (RAW); Thandiani, E. Nasir, s.n. (RAW): Miranjani near Nathia Gali, 2400-2700 m, Renz 10802! (Herb.Renz); Nathi Gali towards Lalazar, 2500-2600 m, Renz 10798! (Herb. Renz); Baragali, S. Qureshi 236 (KUH); B-8 Gilgit, Astore-Muskin Forest, J.F. Duthie 12264! (E); B-9 Baltistan: between Kasurmik and Doghani, by irrigation ditch, ca.700 m, R. R. Stewart 20825 (RAW); Shigar, 2400 m, R. R. Stewart 20569 (RAW); below Kasurmik, 2600 m, R. R. & I. D. Stewart 20825! (RAW); C-6 N.W.F.P.: Dera Ismail Khan, 15. viii. 1885, Rev. J. Williams 1931! (DD). D-5 Zhob, D. I.Khan 15.8.1885, J. W. Williams 1931 (E).

 

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Plants slender or robust, up to 70(-100) cm tall. Rhizome short. Stem leafy throughout. Leaves spreading, ovate to ovate-lanceolate. Inflorescence normally densely many-flowered, up to 25-(35) cm long. Bracts lanceolate, lower exceeding flowers, the upper decreasing in size. Flowers from dark olive-green to yellowish-green, tinged ± intensively with red-purple. Sepals campanulate, ovate-lanceolate, up to 12 mm long; petals slightly shorter, ovate, paler green or pinkish. Labellum with cup-shaped hypochile, outside green, inside dark shining olive-brown, with nectar, 4-6 mm long and broad; epichile cordate, up to 5 mm long, the margin slightly crenulate-undulate, with 2 ± rugose bosses at base. Column short, 4-5 mm (including the anther). Ovary pedicelled, glabrous or with some hairs; ripe seed-capsule spreading.
 
 
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