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!!Morinda citrifolia L. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font

Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 176. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 1/3/2012)
Acceptance : Accepted
Taxon Profile     (Last Modified On 1/17/2012)
Distribution: Madagascar (native but not endemic), Comoros, Mascarenes, Seychelles, Africa, Asia, New World, Australasia/Pacific
Lifeform/Habit: Tree
Vegetation Formation: Forest, Thicket
Elevation: 0-499 m
Bioclimate: Humid
Protected areas and other important sites: Masoala, Nosy Mangabe
Rarity: Known from more than 5 localities in Madagascar.
Notes: This species is found on humid tropical seacoasts at 0-5 m elevation throughout the Pacific, Indian Ocean, and Caribbean, and is very occasional along Atlantic coasts. The species was studied by Razafimandimbison et al. (2010), who mapped its distribution, characterized it morphologically, and concluded that this species arose in southeastern Asia. Morinda citrifolia is widely cultivated for its fruits, which are the source of the herbal extract "noni"; this species has not been documented as cultivated in Madagascar, but may actually be cultivated now or in the near future. Some plants in Asia and the Pacific have remarkable showy white inflorescence bracts; the development of these bracts is appparently variable within the species (Razafimandimbison et al. 2010). These bracts have not yet been documented in plants outside southeastern Asia and the Pacific, but if plants of this species with bracts do occur, they are not considered to represent an additional species.




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