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Published In: Botanica expeditior 74. 1760. (Bot. Exped.) Name publication detail


Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A genus of about 200 species (450 have been described) in tropical and subtropical Asia, Central and S. America and Australia. It is not found in Africa. Representated in Pakistan by 2 species, one of which is cultivated.


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Evergreen trees or shrubs. Leaves spirally arranged to opposite, penninerved or triplinerved, entire. Terminal buds large, perulate (sect. Camphora) or small, with few bud scales. Flowers bi-sexual, small. Perianth of 6 equal tepals in 2 whorls. Fertile stamens 9 in 3 whorls; anthers usually 4-celled, of whorl 1 and 2 introrse, of whorl 3 extrorse or latrorse, the latter with stipitate glands, the stipe usually grown together with the filament; whorl 4 staminodial; filaments short. Ovary with short or long style with minute, peltate stigma. Fruit a berry, seated on or in a shallow or deep cup (enlarged perianth tube), the tepals either deciduous or persistent, or only the basal part of the tepals persistent and indurate.

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1 Buds with 2 scales. Basal nerves reaching 4/5 the lamina length, not bullate. Glands attached to the middle of the filament. Fruit cup obconical, fleshy. Fruit ellipsoid Cinnamomum tamala
+ Buds perulate with many scales. Basal lateral nerves reaching 1/2 to 2/3 the lamina length, often bullate in the axils. Tepals 2 mm long. Glands at the basal part of the filament. Fruit cup thin, shallow. Fruit globose Cinnamomum camphora
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