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Published In: The Gardeners Dictionary...Abridged...fourth edition 1: Cydonia. 1754. (28 Jan 1754) (Gard. Dict. Abr. (ed. 4)) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/8/2022)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/25/2018)
Contributor Text: J. Osborne & R. Borosova
Contributor Institution: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


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Shrubs or small trees, deciduous. Leaves simple, entire, stipulate. Flowers large, solitary, terminal on leafy branchlets, bisexual, 5-merous. Hypanthium narrowly campanulate. Epicalyx 0. Sepals 5, imbricate, persistent, becoming reflexed. Petals 5, white or pink, obovate. Stamens 15-25. Stylodia 5, free. Stigmas oblique. Ovary inferior, 5-locular with a central cavity, formed from 5 carpels that are adnate to the hypanthium. Ovules numerous in each locule, biseriate, horizontal, pleurotropous. Fruit a large, aromatic, many-seeded pome with firm flesh containing sclereids; endocarp coriacious. Seeds with mucilaginous testa.

A genus of one species, Cydonia oblonga, native to the Caucasus and Kurdistan, cultivated as a fruit tree (quince) across the globe and sometimes naturalised. Cultivated in Pakistan.

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