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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 445. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per. Flowers open in morning throughout the year.
Type: Type: Described from Europe, India, Ascension Island & America. Herb. Linn. 625/1 (LINN).
Distribution: Distribution: A cosmopolitan weed in cultivated fields and waste moist places. Probably native of South-West parts of United States and now widely distributed in warm temperate, tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world.
Comment/Acknowledgements: The cultivated subsp. sativa (Haw) Celak., (Prodr. Fl. Bohm. 484. 1875) is used as a pot herb and sold in market under the name Kulfe Ka Sag. The extract of stem is applied on skin against burning sensation and prickly heat. The purslane constitutes a useful article of diet in scurvy and diseases of lungs, liver and kidney. The leaves are slightly acidic and used as refrigerant, anti-scorbutic, astringent in dysuria, irritation of bladder, haematuria, haemoptysis and gonorrhoea. The black granulated seeds are called Tukhm-i-Khurfa-ae-Siyah and used in preparation of Unani and Ayurvedic medicines, as a demalcent, astringent, diuretic and vermifuge.
Map Location: B-6 Dir, Sultanul Abedin 7853 (KUH); Chitral Dist.: Drosh Rest House, Sultanul Abedin 7926 (KUH); B-7 Hazara Dist.: Balakot, July 1954, 3000 ft., Ch. Shaukat Ali s.n. (RAW); C-7 Campbell Pur Dist. :Attock to Nizampur, B. L. Burtt 1060 (E); C-7 Kashmir: Jhelum Vy. Rd., 2500 ft., R.R. Stewart 13306 (RAW); C-8 Sialkot Dist.: Aik Nadi, R.R. & I.D. Stewart 673 (RAW); D-4 Quetta Dist.: Forest Nursery, Quetta, Fruiting stage, Y. Nasir & Zaffar Ali 5795 (RAW); D-8 Lahore Dist.: 3 miles from Changa Manga on way to Chunyan, Sultanul Abedin 7537 (KUH); G-2 Makran Dist.: Turbat, Sultanul Abedin & Abrar Hussain 6105 (KUH); G-4 Karachi Dist.: K.U. Botanical Garden 1.12.1957, Anwar Iqbal s.n. (KUH); D.J. College Nursery, suberect weed, Abdul Ghafoor 394 (KUH); G-5 Dadu Dist.: Sind University Colony Jamshoro, 2.8.70, calcareous rocks, Munir Ahmed Abid s.n. (KUH); G-6 Tharparker Dist.: Budhesar near Nagar Parker, M. Qaiser, A. Ghafoor & Abrar Hussain 4102 (KUH).


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Annual or perennial, prostrate or erect, c. 25 cm tall, succulent, glabrous, green or purplish green herb. Branches and stem with 3-20 mm rarely up to 50 mm long internodes. Leaves alternate or subopposite, closely crowded below the flowers, spathulate or obovate-oblong to linear-oblong, attenuate at the base, sub-sessile, obtuse or truncate, 3-25 mm long, 1.5-8 mm broad, thick, fleshy, glabrous, glistening white below, green or purplish-green above; stipular appendages usually absent, or rarely every minute and setaceous. Inflorescence usually in the forks of branches, cymose, with clusters of 3-6 flowers subtended by 4-leaved involucre, rarely flowers solitary and terminal. Flowers sessile, yellow, 5-8 mm across, bracteate; bracts membranous, ovate, c. 3 mm long, acuminate, white or somewhat purplish. Sepals subequal, basally united into a short, 2-3 mm long tube, keeled; lobes 2-3 mm long, slightly hooded, margin broad membranous, acute, deciduous. Petals 5, deliquescent, slightly united at the base, obovate, 5-6 mm long, 2.5-3 mm wide, yellow, emarginate with mucronulate notch. Stamens 7-12, basally somewhat united and adnate to petals, filaments c. 2.5 mm long, sensitive to touch, anthers ovoid. Ovary c. 2 mm long, half embedded in calyx tube, ovoid; style 1.5-2 mm long, stigmas 4-5, sticky, c. 1 mm long. Capsule many-seeded, 6-8 mm long, 3-4 mm in diam. Seeds shining black, c. 0.5-0.8 mm, reniform, testa tuberculate.
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