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!!Morinda citrifolia L. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font

Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 176. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 4/30/2020)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 4/30/2020)

A handsome, often rather small tree with hand-sized fruits. The fruits are edible, but also apparently contain air pockets and float on ocean water and their seeds remain viable for some time (Razafimandimbison et al., 2010). Morinda citrifolia is characteristically found growing at the edge of the forest on tropical ocean beaches, and presumably disperses naturally to these areas. It is widely known, but usually documented by few specimens in a given region and sometimes overlooked. This is the most widely distributed and commonly encountered species of the genus, and has marked morphological variation in southeastern Asia with some plants developing showy calycophylls (or petaloid bracts), and variation in fruit size. The fruits of Morinda citrifolia are sometimes eaten locally, and the plant is cultivated widely and commerically for its fruits but in those cases, these are used to make an extract that is considered medicinally valuable or a tonic (Razafimandimbsion et al., 2010). 

Morinda citrifolia is similar in the Neotropics to Morinda panamensis; see Lorence et al. (2012) for their distinctions, which can be subtle. 

Distribution: This species is found widely on ocean beaches around the Caribbean, along both eastern and western tropical coasts of Africa, in Madagascar, and widely in the tropical Indian and Pacific islands.



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