Home Flora of Panama (WFO)
Name Search
Markup OCR Documents
!Pachira aquatica Aubl. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 1/29/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 1/29/2013)
PlaceOfPublication Hist. P1. Gui. Fr. 726, t.291, 292. 1775
Reference A. Robyns, Bull. Jard. Bot. Rtat Brux. 33: 234, pl. 8, jig. 9-11. 1963.-Fig. 3.
Synonym Carolinea princeps L. f., Suppl. P1. Syst. Veg. 314. 1781. Pachira grandiflora Tussac, Fl. Antilles 4: 12, pl. 3, 4. 1827. Carolinea macrocarpa Schlecht. & Cham., Linnaea 6: 423. 1831. Pachira macrocarpa (Schlecht. & Cham.) Walp., Rep. Bot. Syst. 1: 329. 1842. Pachira longiflora Hook., Curt. Bot. Mag. 76:t.4549. 1850. Pachira aquatica var. a surinamensis Decne., Fl. Serres 23: 46. 1880. Bombax aquaticlum (Aubl.) K. Schum. in Engd. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(6): 62. 1895. Bombax macrocarpum (Schlecht. & Cham.) K. Schum. in Engl. & Prantl, loc. cit. 62. 1895. Pachira pustulifera Pittier, Repert. Sp. Nov. 13: 315. 1914. Pachira villosula Pittier, loc. cit. 316. 1914. Bombax rigidifolium Ducke, Arch. Jard. Bot. Rio de Janeiro 4: 127. 1925. Pachira aquatica var. occidentalis Cuatr., Rev. Acad. Coblomb. Cienc. 9: 169. 1954.
Description Tree 5-23 m. high, the trunk attaining 25-60(-90) cm. in diam., sometimes buttressed, the crown spreading, the bark smooth, grayish to more or less brownish. Leaves 5- to 9-foliolate, the petiole terete, often longitudinally furrowed, dilated at both ends, 4-23.5 cm. long, glabrous; leaflets petiolulate, the petiolule thick, 0.3-2.5 cm. long, often furrowed above and glabrous; blade elliptic to oblong, sometimes lanceolate or slightly obovate, acute or rounded and more or less decurrent at the base, caudate-acuminate, caudate-apiculate or rounded-apiculate and generally mucronulate at the apex, 5-28.5 cm. long and 2.5-14.5 cm. wide, chartaceous to coriaceous, the margins sometimes slightly recurved, generally bright and glabrous above, dull, glabrous or sometimes scatteringly reddish-lepidote or finely tufted- pubescent or seldom lepidote and puberulous beneath, the nerves prominent es- pecially beneath. Flowers solitary or sometimes 2- to 3-nate, attaining 17.5-35 cm. long, the pedicel terete, 1-5.5 cm. long and 0.3-1.1 cm. thick, glabrous to shortly yellowish-brown-tufted-puberulous; receptacle 5-glandular, shortly puberulous to tomentellous with yellowish-brown tufted hairs; calyx campanulate, sometimes campanulate-tubiform, truncate or 5-apiculate, sometimes slightly 5-undulate- apiculate, 1.2-2.1 cm. long and 1.3-2 cm. in diam., shortly puberulous to tomen- tellous with yellowish-brown tufted hairs outside, silky-villose inside; petals acute to more or less obtuse, 17-34 cm. long and 0.8-2.1 cm. wide, greenish, yellowish or whitish, puberulous on both sides; stamens 200-260, 16-31 cm. long, whitish below and scarlet above, the staminal column 4.5-12 cm. long and 0.45-0.8 cm. in diam., tufted-puberulous; outer whorl with 5 dichotomous, epipetalous phalanges, each phalanx with numerous filaments; inner whorl with 5 episepalous phalanges, each phalanx with only 2-8 filaments; anthers ca. 3-5.5 mm. long, reddish; ovary pyri- form, 5-sulcate, ca. 0.5-1 cm. long and 0.45-1 cm. broad, shortly whitish-villose; style more or less dilated and 5-sulcate at the base, 19-31 cm. long, white below and reddish above, villous on the third inferior; stigma lobulate, the lobes ca. 2-3 mm. long. Capsule subglobose, ellipsoid to oblong-ellipsoid, shallowly 5-sulcate longitudinally, rounded to obtuse and emarginate at the apex, 12.5-30 cm. long and 6-10(-12) cm. in diam., the valves to 1. cm. thick, yellowish-brown-scabrous-puber- ulous outside, silky-villous inside; seeds generally 4- to 5-angular, 2-3.2 cm. x 2.2- 6 cm. x 2-2.2 cm., the testa brownish.
Habit Tree
Distribution From southern Mexico (Veracruz, Oaxaca, Chiapas, Yucatan) through Central America to Ecuador, northern Peru (Loreto) and northern Brazil (Para, Maran- hao); generally riparious, growing along the often (periodically) inundated river banks and lake shores or at the edge of woods, always on moist ground; often cultivated throughout tropical America and in some isles of the Antilles: Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti and Trinidad; also cultivated in Africa and Asia.
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: vicinity of Chiriqui Lagoon, Water Valley, von Wedel 1478, 7806, 2157; Western River, von Wedel 2703, 2783, 2792. CANAL ZONE: Chagres, Isthmus of Panama, Fendler 311; Mojinga swamp near mouth of River Chagres, below 1 m., Allen 857, 859; Gatun, Hayes 622; forest along the Rio Indio de Gatun, near sea level, Pittier 2777; Barro Colorado Island, Aviles 40, Frost 149; Summit, Plant Introduction Gardens, Harvey 5275, Steyermark s.n.; Ahorca Lagarto to Culebra, Cowell 375. COL6N: between France Field, Canal Zone and Catival, Standley 30382; along river at Portobelo, Christopherson 401. DARIEN: along Rio Tuira below El Real and Piriaque Island, Stern, Chambers, Dwyer, Ebinger 971. PANAMA: near Chepo, Kluge 29; banks of Mamoni River, below La Capitana, alt. 20-25 m., Pittier 4578.
© 2022 Missouri Botanical Garden - 4344 Shaw Boulevard - Saint Louis, Missouri 63110