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Published In: Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle 12: 464, 528, pl. 17, f. 10. 1825. (Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A large genus comprising 70 species distributed from the Mediterranean region to E. Siberia. 7 species are found in Pakistan. All parts of the plant contain aromatic essential oils.


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Perennial herbs and semishrubs, branching profusely and often woody below, glandular punctate and strongly aromatic. Leaves simple, alternate, mostly lanceolate to elliptic or linear or 3(-5)-sect. Inflorescence in corymbose cymes, bracteate. Sepals 5. Petals 5, concave. Stamens 10, filaments free, subulate and pubescent/barbate on the inner side. Ovary 3-5-locular; locules 1-6 (-10)-ovulate; styles fused; stigma capitate. Capsule 3-5-lobed, usually dehiscent. Seeds reniform, rugose.

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1 Ovary and capsule 5-locular (2)
+ Ovary and capsule 3(-4)-locular Haplophyllum gilesii
2 (1) Petals 6.5-9 mm long, red to reddish-yellow. Ovary segments with tuberculate apical appendages (3)
+ Petals 4-5 mm long, yellow. Ovary segments without apical appendages (5)
3 (2) Stem, leaves and sepals glabrous. Each locule 2-4-ovulate (4)
+ Stems patent white villous; leaves white hairy. Sepals densely white ciliate. Each locule 5-10-ovulate Haplophyllum pedicellatum
4 (3) Leaves not fleshy, entire. Petals pulverulent. Each locule 4-ovulate Haplophyllum erythraeum
+ Leaves somewhat fleshy, margin crenulate. Petals glabrous. Each locule 2-ovulate Haplophyllum crenulatum
5 (2) Each locule 2-ovulate. Capsule dehiscent Leaves linear-oblong to lanceolate or obovate or trisect (6)
+ Each locule 1-ovulate. Capsule indehiscent. Leaves mostly elliptic to oblong-elliptic Haplophyllum acutifolium
6 (5) Capsule with protuding convex glands, white-woolly (sometimes glabrous). Sepals deciduous. (only some leaves trisect.) Haplophyllum tuberculatum
+ Capsule glandular-punctate, shortly pubescent in the lower portion. Sepals persistent. Intermediate leaves trisect Haplophyllum dubium
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