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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 185. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: YASIN J. NASIR
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: May-August.
Type: Lectotype: Described from Peru. Hb. Linn. 248/12 (LINN).
Distribution: Distribution: Native to the mountainous areas of Mexico, Chile and Peru (S. America). Cultivated throughout the world.
Comment/Acknowledgements: The ‘potato’ is widely cultivated for its edible tubers in Pakistan. Does well in hilly areas up to 3000 m. Several varieties and races are known. The plant parts (including the tubers) contain a poisonous alkaloid, solanine, which is soon lost on boiling the tubers; sprouting or green tubers should be ovoided for edible purposes. Apart from starch, the potato is also a rich source of protein and vitamin C. The berry is rarely produced.
Map Location: C-7 Rawalpindi Dist.: Rawalpindi, May 1939, A. Kapoor s.n. (RAW); Barian, ± 7000, M A. Siddiqi & Y. Nasir 5963 (RAW); Patriata, ± 7000', M A. Ali 254 (PPFI-B); Attock Dist.: Hasanabdal, A. Singh 56 (RAW); Wah, May 1936, K. K. Sharma s.n. (RAW).


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An erect, unarmed perennial herb, 60-90 cm tall. Stem tubers underground, of various shapes and sizes. Shoots pubescent. Leaves imparipinnate, segment pairs. 4-5. Flowers in terminal few-flowered, paniculate cymes, pink to white or light purple. Corolla limb ± 2.5 cm broad.
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